raw materials used in diapers

What are the Raw Materials Used in Diapers?

Diapers play an essential role in providing comfort and healthy development for babies and people with incontinence issues. But what materials go into making them? In this post, as a professional diaper factory, we’ll explore the key raw materials used in manufacturing disposable and cloth diapers.

raw materials used in diapers

What are the Raw Materials Used in Diapers?

Raw Materials for Disposable Diapers

Disposable diapers consist of several components that work together to effectively absorb and contain fluids. Here are the main raw materials:

Absorbent Core

The absorbent core is at the heart of a diaper’s functionality. It rapidly pulls moisture away from the skin and traps it within the diaper. The core typically contains:

  • Cellulose Fluff Pulp: Absorbs fluids and transfers moisture to the superabsorbent polymer. It provides structure and allows air circulation.
  • Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP): Absorbs up to 30 times its weight in fluids. It’s usually made of sodium polyacrylate or a similar compound.

By combining cellulose fluff and SAP, you get a thin, extremely absorbent core optimized for leakage protection.


The water-resistant outer layer prevents leaks and keeps moisture inside the diaper. It’s made of polyethylene, a durable and breathable plastic derived from crude oil or natural gas.


This permeable inner layer sits next to the skin. It rapidly pulls fluids from the skin into the absorbent core below. Polypropylene is a common topsheet material.


The stretchy elastic threads around the waist and legs improve fit and prevent gaps that can lead to leaks. Spandex or natural latex rubber are typical elastic materials.


Adhesive tabs, Velcro, or tape fasteners connect the front and back to secure the diaper around the waist. These closures allow adjustable sizing.

Raw Materials for Cloth Diapers

Reusable cloth diapers also rely on different materials with specialized functions:

Fabric Shell

The outer fabric shell provides a water-resistant barrier while still being breathable. Common materials are polyester or nylon coated with polyurethane laminate (PUL). Wool and polyfleece shells are also popular.

Natural Fiber Inserts

Inserts sit inside the shell to absorb and contain fluids. They’re typically made of natural, renewable materials like hemp, cotton, or bamboo. Microfiber inserts are also widely used.

Snaps or Hook & Loop Closures

Snaps or Hook & Loop tape allow parents to adjust sizing and achieve a good fit. This ensures leaks don’t occur around the legs or waist.

Key Takeaways on Diaper Raw Materials

To recap, the core raw materials used in disposable diapers are superabsorbent polymers, cellulose fluff pulp, nonwoven polypropylene and polyethylene fabrics, adhesives, and elastics. Reusable cloth diapers rely more on natural fibers like hemp and cotton combined with polyurethane laminate shells and adjustable closures.

While the materials differ, the overall goals are the same – effectively containing messes while keeping babies comfortable and healthy. Understanding what goes into diapers helps parents make informed choices suitable for their family.


What are diapers usually made of?

The diapers are made from a combination of materials designed to maximize absorbency, comfort, and leak protection. Disposable diapers primarily use synthetic materials like polypropylene and polyethylene, along with superabsorbent polymers, while cloth diapers often use natural fibers like cotton, bamboo, and hemp, supplemented with waterproof layers made from PUL or TPU.

What natural resources are used to make diapers?

The natural resources used in the production of diapers include:
Wood Pulp: Sourced from trees, it forms the absorbent core of disposable diapers.
Cotton: Employed in cloth diapers and sometimes in disposable diapers’ absorbent layers, cultivated using water and agricultural chemicals.
Water: Essential in the manufacturing process for both disposable and cloth diapers, it’s used in wood pulp production, cotton cultivation, and the washing of cloth diapers.
Petroleum: Though not a natural resource in its raw state, it is crucial for deriving synthetic materials like Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs), polypropylene, and polyethylene, used in disposable diapers for absorbency and waterproofing, and synthetic components like elastic and Velcro.
Additionally, while Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs), polypropylene, polyethylene, elastic materials, and Velcro are derived from non-renewable resources like petroleum, they are integral to the diaper manufacturing process, further highlighting the reliance on both natural and synthetic resources in diaper production.

What are the ingredients in baby diapers?

Baby diapers, both disposable and cloth, incorporate a diverse array of materials tailored for absorbency, comfort, and infant safety. Disposable diapers consist of cellulose and superabsorbent polymer (SAP) for moisture retention, polypropylene for the skin-contact layer, and polyethylene for leak prevention, supplemented with elastomers, adhesives, and occasionally fragrances or lotions, though some may contain trace amounts of potentially harmful chemicals like VOCs. Cloth diapers use natural fibers such as cotton, bamboo, hemp (for their absorbency, breathability, and hypoallergenic properties), and wool (for water-resistant covers), alongside synthetic options like microfiber, fleece, and waterproof materials like PUL/TPU for durability and dryness.
Both types are designed with baby’s sensitivity and environmental impact in mind, offering choices between the convenience of disposables and the sustainability of cloth materials.

What are the core ingredients of the diaper?

Both disposable and cloth diapers are designed with materials that prioritize a baby’s comfort, absorbency, and safety. Disposable diapers primarily consist of a super absorbent polymer (SAP) and cellulose fluff pulp for liquid absorption, with polypropylene and polyethylene linings serving as soft, moisture-wicking contact points and waterproof barriers, respectively. They may also include elastomers for fit, adhesives for structure, and optional dyes and fragrances.
Cloth diapers, on the other hand, utilize natural and absorbent materials like cotton, bamboo, and hemp for moisture absorption, with polyurethane laminate (PUL) and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) for moisture barriers. Additional materials such as fleece and wool are used for their stay-dry and water-resistant properties. Both types are crafted to manage moisture effectively while ensuring the baby’s skin remains dry and comfortable.

Share this article:

Get a Free Quote

contact us

We are available 24/7 via email. You can also use the quick contact form to reach us!

Contact Form Demo
Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top